FRENCH INVASION OF ALGERIA 1830

1830 Algeria French landing 2

By 1830 Algeria was part of the Ottoman Empire but in reality was pretty much independent of the Porte.  The city of Algiers had been home to Barbary Pirates for generations and a number of attempts had been made in the past to eliminate them but without success.  Britain had bombarded Algiers in 1816 but this did not stop the piracy. The British were concerned about French expansion into Africa but were delighted at the same time that the Algerian pirates had been eliminated.

The amphibious landing at Sidi Ferruch was the biggest such operation ever attempted before World War Two.  33,000 men and their guns and stores were landed in one day from specially built rafts carried on the ships’ decks. This was considered to be an amazing feat at that time.  The French landed at Sidi Ferruch and marched to the city of Algiers which fell after a few days’ siege. The Dey of Algiers surrendered with the city and went into exile in Naples with his harem.

It was the start of a long campaign for the French which lasted until 1847 by which time the army numbered over 100,000 men.

Many Napoleonic personalities fought in the initial campaign.  The first commander was General Bourmont who gained notoriety by defecting to the Allies during the Waterloo campaign 15 years before. D’Erlon, also of Waterloo fame, commanded the Army in Algeria at one time as well.

The infantry regiments comprised only two battalions.  Any man deemed to be not fit enough was transferred into the third battalion which was left behind in France. The heat was intense and many young men died of heatstroke in the first few days.  The shako proved to be unsuited to the heat and, after much experimentation, was finally replaced by the ‘Casquette d’Afrique’ which eventually developed into the famous kepi.

The French infantry in 1830 marched under the Lily Banner of Charles X who was the last Bourbon king of France.  He was deposed shortly after the landing during the 1830 Revolution in Paris and succeeded by King Louis-Phillipe – the Citizen King – who was from the House of Orléans.  The tricolour flag and shako cockade were subsequently re-introduced into the French Army.

The Zouaves, the Chasseurs d’Afrique and the French Foreign Legion were formed shortly after this time.  The Turcos and Spahis came some time later.

Below are some figures painted for the French invasion of Algeria in 1830.  The skirmishing figures are Waterloo Dutch-Belgians by Campaign Game Miniatures (CGM) which are ideal except that there are no figures in this range wearing epaulettes suitable for Grenadiers and Voltigeurs.  1815 French CGM figures could be used for those of course.

French infantry in open order struggling manfully up the beach ar Sidi Ferruch.  Note the Lily Banners of the Bourbon King Charles X.

French fusiliers in open order struggling manfully up the beach at Sidi Ferruch. Note the Lily Banners of the Bourbon King Charles X.

Another view of the same.

Another view of the King’s troops. 

 

The next few photographs show the French infantry after the initial invasion but this time with tricolour flags and cockades.  These figures are mostly Eureka 18mm Waterloo French infantry.  The only modification to the figures is the removal of any protruding coat buttons as the 1830 French had single breasted jackets.  The Grenadiers’ and Voltigeurs’ Napoleonic plumes had to be shortened.

Eureka Figures this time including Grenadiers and Voltigeurs.

Eureka Figures this time including Grenadiers and Voltigeurs.

Note the tricolour flag which replaced the Bourbon flag after the 1830 Revolution in Paris.

Note the tricolour flag which replaced the Bourbon flag after the 1830 Revolution in Paris.

The Grenadier company on the right of the line.

The Grenadier company on the right of the line.

Advancing inland.

Advancing inland.

Advertisements
This entry was posted in 1830 - 1845 French in Algeria.. Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to FRENCH INVASION OF ALGERIA 1830

  1. Graham says:

    Ah but at that scale a paint conversion for epaulets is not going to notice at 3 feet – the important thing is to get the Shako shape right – everything else is paint and belief! Now if it was 28mm where someone might pick it up in the binoculars I might think that you had a problem. just put it on with a thick brush. See you in 12 months. Graham. I’ll have you playing in the one true scale yet 🙂

  2. wargamorium says:

    15mm is the one true scale! I can understand 25mm but where did 28mm come from?

  3. Wayne lennox says:

    Well done Robert, Im fascinated, I of course knew the French invaded Algeria and there was a colonial war that dragged on but an army of 100,000 men !
    What figures are you going to use for the ‘ Arabs ‘ ?
    Or are you just painting 100,000 Frenchmen !
    Should end up being a lovely colourful game at the very least.
    Thanks for the update
    Regards

    Wayne

  4. wargamorium says:

    Thanks Wayne.

    Old Glory do 15mm Arabs which could be adapted for 1830 but I do not know what the Turks and Kabylies looked like. However I only have about 100 French painted so far so not enough to mount a serious invasion yet!

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s