GENDARMERIE DE FRANCE DURING THE SEVEN YEARS WAR

1724 French Gendarme de France

Gendarme de France

SEVEN YEARS WAR  –  THE GENDARMERIE DE FRANCE

During the Seven Years War the Gendarmerie de France ranked immediately after the Maison du Roi. They were always placed in the first line to the left of the Maison du Roi

The Gendarmerie de France consisted of 16 companies – 10 Gendarmes and 6 Chevau-légers. They were grouped into 8 squadrons based on the distinctive colours of the sashes worn over their left shoulders.

The Gendarmes de France fought as a ‘regiment’ in Germany during the Seven Years War and comprised 1240 men plus their officers.

The composition of the 8 squadrons and the date of their creation was as follows:-

1st Squadron – Gendarmes Écossais (1422)  and Gendarmes de Bourgogne (1690)

2nd Squadron  – Gendarmes Anglais (1667) and Chevau-légers de Bourgogne (1690)

3rd Squadron  – Gendarmes Bourguignons (1668) and Gendarmes d’Aquitaine (1669)

4th Squadron  – Gendarmes de Flandres (1673)  and Chevau-légers d’Aquitaine (1690

5th Squadron  – Gendarmes de la Reine (1661)  and Gendarmes de Berry (1690)

6th Squadron  – Chevau-légers de la Reine (1664)  and Chevau-légers de Berry (1690)

7th Squadron  – Gendarmes du Dauphin (1665)  and Gendarmes d’Orléans (1647)

8th Squadron  – Chevau-légers du Dauphin (1663)  and Chevau-légers d’Orleans (1655)

Each company had its own distinctive guidon.  These can be seen in the photographs below and were purchased from Maverick Models UK. The figures are all 18mm Eureka SYW French from Fighting 15s.

01. Gendarmes de France

The sixteen companies of the Gendarmes de France divided into 8 squadrons.

04. Gardes du Corps and Gendarmes de France

The Gardes du Corps of the Maison du Roi with the Gendarmerie drawn up behind.

05. Gendarmes de France side view

The Gendarmes de France – a side view showing the different guidon for each of the 16 companies.

08. Gendarmes de France

The Gendarmes in column.

10. Gardes du Corps and Gendarmes de France

The Gendarmes with the Gardes du Corps of the Maison du Roi behind.

11. Gardes du Corps and Gendarmes de France

The Gendarmes together with the Gardes du Corps of the Maison du Roi

 

Advertisements
This entry was posted in 1756 - 1763 Seven Years War. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s