SEVEN YEARS WAR – THE GENDARMERIE DE FRANCE
During the Seven Years War the Gendarmerie de France ranked immediately after the Maison du Roi. They were always placed in the first line to the left of the Maison du Roi
The Gendarmerie de France consisted of 16 companies – 10 Gendarmes and 6 Chevau-légers. They were grouped into 8 squadrons based on the distinctive colours of the sashes worn over their left shoulders.
The Gendarmes de France fought as a ‘regiment’ in Germany during the Seven Years War and comprised 1240 men plus their officers.
The composition of the 8 squadrons and the date of their creation was as follows:-
1st Squadron – Gendarmes Écossais (1422) and Gendarmes de Bourgogne (1690)
2nd Squadron – Gendarmes Anglais (1667) and Chevau-légers de Bourgogne (1690)
3rd Squadron – Gendarmes Bourguignons (1668) and Gendarmes d’Aquitaine (1669)
4th Squadron – Gendarmes de Flandres (1673) and Chevau-légers d’Aquitaine (1690
5th Squadron – Gendarmes de la Reine (1661) and Gendarmes de Berry (1690)
6th Squadron – Chevau-légers de la Reine (1664) and Chevau-légers de Berry (1690)
7th Squadron – Gendarmes du Dauphin (1665) and Gendarmes d’Orléans (1647)
8th Squadron – Chevau-légers du Dauphin (1663) and Chevau-légers d’Orleans (1655)